To Kill a Mockingbird-1962
Starring-Gregory Peck, Robert Duvall
Scott’s Review #468
Reviewed August 25, 2016
To Kill a Mockingbird is a 1962 film based on the renowned novel penned by Harper Lee, and released only two years earlier in 1960. The novel was certainly groundbreaking and the film is equally so as race and racism are front and center in the storyline The film really still is a marvel as the story is told through the eyes of a child- in present times an adult- as she reflects on her past experience. The film is set in the 1930’s in a very small Alabama town.
We follow the lives of Atticus Finch, respected lawyer and father, and his two young children- Scout and Jem. Gregory Peck as Atticus is the moral center of the film. Scout (Mary Badham) narrates and her innocence makes the story that much more compelling and less like a preachy vehicle for a social topic, which it could have been. The Finch’s are a tight family unit as Atticus is widowed, leaving Jem and Scout motherless. A poor black man-Tom- is accused of raping and beating a white woman, also poor, coached into the accusations by her racist father. We accept that the woman had designs on Tom and when caught by her horrified father, was beaten, with Tom left to take the blame.
A good deal of the film, but not too much, takes place in the courtroom, as we hear testimony by the poor woman, her father, and Tom. Not to be missed is that every juror is a white man- a sad reminder of the racism that existed and one argues still exists, though clearly not as blatant in today’s modern world. One cringes when the black attendees are forced to sit in the upper portion of the courthouse, an obvious way to demean and lessen them, and which speaks volumes for the town- we realize Tom does not have a chance, yet we hope against hope for his acquittal.
Wisely, I do not feel the point of the film is the outcome of the trial- we know what will result. But rather, the film teaches us a lesson in reality and that life is often unfair and painful. It is the after effects of the trial that is the most interesting part of To Kill a Mockingbird.
Gregory Peck was awarded the Best Actor Oscar for 1962 as he plays the liberal, progressive, honorable man. He can do no wrong and is a wonderful example for his kids. A black maid, Calpurnia, works for him, he treats her like family, and I could not think that she really is the mother figure in Jem and Scout’s lives. Atticus does the right thing, treating everyone fairly, and living a moral life. He is a wonderful example and it is no wonder why Peck won the trophy.
A sub-plot involves a mysterious neighbor, Boo Radley, feared by the town kids, but turning out to be a protector and companion to Scout and Jem. This role was the first for acclaimed actor Robert Duvall- the actor having a tiny yet important role and does a great deal of expressive acting without uttering a line. The title of the film is poignant and important to the ending.
The film is really about Jem and Scout and their quick journey into the pains and unfairness endured by adults- once innocently enjoying the summer, playing games and making friends with a visiting young boy, they are exposed to evil and a hate filled racist town, which they slowly come to realize exists.
Filmed in black and white, this quality enhances the picture as the blowing leaves and dark shadows add much to the impressive cinematography and gives the film a dark quality that color would have ruined. The time period of the 1930’s is very authentic.
To Kill a Mockingbird is a timeless film containing an important message about the world, and is a film that ought to be viewed by children and adults of every generation for a lesson in empathy and compassion. The film is not ugly or raw, but is truthful and still feels fresh. It will resonate with all audiences patient enough to give it a good watch.
Oscar Nominations: Best Picture, Best Director-Robert Mulligan, Best Actor-Gregory Peck (won), Best Supporting Actress-Mary Badham, Best Screenplay Based on Material from Another Medium (won), Best Music Score-Substantially Original, Best Art Direction, Black-and-White (won), Best Cinematography, Black-and-White